Student Handbook

STUDENT HANDBOOK
2017-2018
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(i) MISSION STATEMENT
American Horse School will stand together so that our children will recognize and
embrace education for the future.
(ii) VISION
We will stand together to create a healthy learning environment so that our children
at American Horse School have the opportunities to acquire leadership
competencies for building a better future by achieving a level of greatness
experienced by our people carrying on the values that are uniquely and beautifully
Lakota.
(iii) SCHOOL PHILOSPHY
The American Horse School believes that every child has an inherent right to
lifelong Learning. We believe that ALL children have the potential and ability to learn.
In partnership, we can help to facilitate the achievement of personal goals and
embrace and retain Lakota values.
(iv) STUDENT NON–DISCRIMINATION
Every student shall have equal educational opportunities and access to all school
activities, opportunities and support services regardless of race, color, creed, sex,
and national origin, place of residence or physical challenged.
Administration
Dr. Gloria J. Coats-Kitsopoulos
American Horse School,
P.O Box 660, Allen, SD, 57714, Phone: 605-455-1209
We shall coordinate Title ix, Affirmative Action, and the Americans with
Disabilities Act (ADA) compliance activities. Any person who feels they
have been discriminated against shall contact this person or contact the
Regional Director, Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, 1244
Speer Blvd., Suite 310, Denver, Colorado, 80202-3582
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400 AMERICAN HORSE SCHOOL MISSION AND VALUES 7
401 EXPECTATIONS 7
402 STUDENT BILL OF RIGHTS: Students have, and shall be accorded, the following rights: 7
403 STUDENT RESPONSIBILITIES 8
404 EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES RECORDS 8
405 STUDENT SAFETY/SUPERVISION 9
406 SEARCHES 9
407 INTERROGATIONS 9
408 CHILD ABUSE 9
409 CORPORAL PUNISHMENT 10
410 ITEMS NOT ALLOWED AT SCHOOL 10
411 ATTENDANCE 10
412 STUDENT ABSENCES 11
413 RETENTION 12
414 GENERAL SCHOOL RULES 12
415 STUDENT TIME OUT 13
416 OUT-OF-SCHOOL SUSPENSION 13
417 EXPULSIONS 13
418 BUS RIDING CONDUCT 14
419 STUDENT DISCIPLINE POLICY (BUILDING, CLASSROOM, AND GENERAL RULES) 15
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420 BEHAVIOR POLICY MATRIXES 20
421 BEHAVIOR POLICY MATRIX DEFINITIONS 23
422 STUDENT DUEPROCESS 26
423 GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE 26
424 ENTRANCE AGE 27
425 SCHOOL ADMISSIONS 27
426 OPEN ENROLLMENT 28
427 ASSIGNMENT TO CLASSES 29
428 CHECKING OUT AMERICAN HORSE SCHOOL STUDENTS 29
429 TRANSFERS AND WITHDRAWALS FROM AMERICAN HORSE SCHOOL 29
430 GRADING 29
431 HOMEWORK 30
432 SPECIAL EDUCATION 31
433 GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS 32
434 PARENT CONFERENCES 33
435 STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES 33
436 PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS 33
437 INOCULATIONS 34
438 PHYSICAL EDUCATION (EXCUSED) 34
439 BICYCLE USE 34
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440 AUTOMOBILE/MOTORCYCLEUSE 34
441 STUDENT ACTIVITY PROGRAM 34
442 ATHLETIC ELIGIBILITYREQUIREMENTS 35
443 INTERSCHOLASTIC ACTIVITIES 36
444 FIELD TRIPS ANDEXCURSIONS 36
445 CONTESTS FOR STUDENTS 37
446 STUDENT PERFORMANCES 37
447 STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS 37
448 STUDENT VOLUNTEERS 38
449 STUDENT/COMMUNITYRELATIONS 38
450 STUDENT RECORDS 38
451 STUDENT COUNCIL 39
452 PILOT PROJECTS OR EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAMS 40
453 INDEPENDENT STUDY 40
454 HOMEBOUNDINSTRUCTION 40
455 HOME STUDY 41
456 HOME SCHOOLING 41
457 HEALTHY LIFESTYLECLASS 41
458 GUIDANCE PROGRAM 42
459 TESTING PROGRAM 42
Student HandbookStudent HandbookStudent HandbookStudent Handbook
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460 HOLIDAYS 43
461 EMERGENCY CLOSING OFSCHOOL 43
462 COMMUNICABLE DISEASES 44
463 SMOKE FREE ENVIRONMENTS 44
464 DRUG FREE WORKPLACE 45
465 INTERNET ACCEPTABLE USE POLICY AGREEMENT 46
466 SCHOOL TECHNOLOGY RULES 51
467 ASBESTOS NOTIFICATION TO PARENTS, STUDENTS, AND EMPLOYEES AHS 54
468 FERPA NOTICE 56
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400 AMERICAN HORSE SCHOOL MISSION AND VALUES
a. School Philosophy: The American Horse School believes that every
child has an inherent right to lifelong learning. We believe that ALL
children have the potential and ability to learn. In partnership, we help to
facilitate the achievement of personal goals and embrace and retain
Lakota values.
b. Vision: We stand together to create a healthy learning environment so
that our children at American Horse School have the opportunities to
acquire leadership competencies for building a better future by achieving
a level of greatness experienced by our people carrying the values that
are uniquely and beautifully Lakota.
c. Mission Statement: American Horse School will stand together so that
our children will recognize and embrace education for the future.
401 EXPECTATIONS
To maintain integrity and promote Lakota values and the high ideals of
education, students enrolling at American Horse School are expected to
maintain high standards of personal conduct.
402 STUDENT BILL OF RIGHTS: Students have, and shall be
accorded, the following rights:
a. The right to a free and appropriate education.
b. The right to be free from unreasonable search and seizure of their person
and property, to a reasonable degree of privacy and to ensure a safe and
secure environment.
c. The right to make their own decisions where applicable.
d. The right to freedom of religion and culture.
e. The right to freedom of speech and expression, including symbolic
expression (such as display of buttons, posters, choice of dress, and
length of hair) so long as the symbolic expression does not unreasonably
and disrupt the educational process or endanger the health and safety of
the student or others, or does not promote gang affiliation / use of alcohol,
tobacco, or illegal drugs or inappropriate sexual attire or conduct.
Students will dress to uphold the American Horse Schools vision.
f. The right to freedom of the press, except where the material in student
publications is libelous, slanderous, obscene or prejudicial.
g. The right to peaceably assemble and to petition the redress of
grievances.
h. The right to be free of discrimination.
i. The right to be free of cruel and unusual punishment.
j. The right to due process. Every student is entitled to due process in every
instance of disciplinary action for alleged violation of school regulations 
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for which the student may be subject to penalties, suspension, expulsion
and/or transfer.
403 STUDENT RESPONSIBILITIES
The Student Bill of Rights implies corresponding responsibilities, which the
student shall accept and not infringe upon the rights of others within the
school.
a. To obtain an education. Students must regard the opportunity of obtaining
an education as one of their duties to the community. It is their
responsibility to attend class regularly and complete their assignments
including homework.
b. To follow school rules. The student must obey recognized rules and
procedures developed by the school/community.
c. To practice self-control. The student must refrain from inflicting bullying
(verbal, cyber, social media, and physical) and/or bodily harm on other
individuals and respect the privacy of their person and property.
d. To know the grievance procedure. The student must be informed of the
proper methods and channels of complaints and make use of them when
necessary.
404 EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES RECORDS
a. Teachers, other employee’s and students\parents will be responsible for
items that have been issued for their use and may be requested to
replace damaged or stolen items at their expense. The school
administration shall ensure that proper records are kept on all textbooks,
materials, supplies and equipment owned by the school. Records shall
include records of issuance of such times to individual teachers and
teacher records of issuance to students.
b. Teachers shall at least once a year make a careful inspection and
inventory of textbooks and permanent supplies in use by students.
c. Teachers, other employees and students shall be held responsible for
items that have been issued for their use and may be requested to
replace damaged of stolen items at their expense.
d. All school owned equipment for extra-curricular activities shall be issued
at the beginning of each season and returned at the end of each season
and complete records shall be kept on all such equipment. Deposit will be
returned when all materials returned and signed for.
e. Property of the school shall not be loaned to students or any other
individual or group unless an official receipt is signed by the borrower. A
deposit of may be required as determined by the Superintendent or
school board. All equipment shall be signed/checked out at the fiscal
office.
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405 STUDENT SAFETY/SUPERVISION
a. The administration shall develop safety rules including ways in which
student safety requires special supervision, protection, and precautions at
dismissal, and instruction for safety on the way home from school.
b. Teachers have the primary responsibility for the supervision of students
under their care.
c. Students shall be supervised at all times during the school day and at all
school-related activities.
d. Maintenance and security shall inspect the physical condition of all
buildings, grounds, and playground equipment quarterly.
e. Observation and instruction of safe practices on the part of school
personnel and students, particularly in those areas of instruction or extracurricular activities posing special hazards. (Such as archery, science
experiments, etc.) At no time are students to be left unsupervised.
f. Students may not attend any school activities unless accompanied by an
adult.
406 SEARCHES
a. Students have the right to privacy and security against arbitrary invasion of
their personal property by school officials. School officials must maintain
an atmosphere that is conducive to the pursuit of educational goals.
b. The school has a limited right to search student’s personal belongings
when it is in the interest of the overall welfare of other students or is
necessary to preserve the good order and discipline of the school.
Backpacks are supplied by the school. As school property, backpacks are
liable to be searched at any time for the safety of the students.
c. Administration and or a female or male staff member will conduct
searches in front of security cameras. Authorities shall conduct searches.
407 INTERROGATIONS
a. School administrators and teachers have the right to interrogate students
regarding their conduct and/or the conduct of others. Except where the
alleged action would constitute a criminal offense, the right against selfincrimination does not exist.
b. Every effort shall be made to notify parent(s) or Legal Guardian(s) of any
pending searches or interrogations.
c. If unable to reach a parent or Legal Guardian, the office will notify parents
of the search in writing.
408 CHILD ABUSE
Teachers and other personnel who feel a student is the victim of any type of
child abuse will refer suspicions to the Counselor, Nurse or Administration in 
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a confidential manner. Appropriate agencies will be contacted when
necessary by the Administration/Nurse/Counselor
409 CORPORAL PUNISHMENT
a. Corporal punishment is defined as inflicting physical pain upon a student
in order to punish him/her for misconduct.
b. To provide for a structure designed to promote Lakota values, the use of
emotional abuse and corporal punishment will not be permitted by any
staff member and will be grounds for immediate dismissal.
410 ITEMS NOT ALLOWED AT SCHOOL
a. THERE WILL BE NO POP, CANDY, OR SUNFLOWER SEEDS
ALLOWED IN THE CLASSROOMS OR THE SCHOOL BUSES.
Exceptions will only be approved on a case-by-case basis, i.e.: birthday
parties, school parties, and/or events by school authorities.
b. Students are not allowed to bring expensive personal items or anything of
value to school, such as: jewelry, Healy’s (roller shoes), MP3 players,
IPODs, IPAD’S,FIDGET SPINNERS Kindle, any music devises, cell
phones, DVDs, electronic games, and cash over .00 (except during
book fair & picture time when they can have or more).
c. American Horse School cannot and will not be held responsible for lost or
stolen personal items brought to school by the students.
d. Personal items also interfere with the academic process in the
classrooms. Students are not allowed to bring or wear caps or head gear
to school (except winter attire for inclement weather and/or sports).
Bandanas are never allowed. Exceptions for this would be team members
traveling to away games (students may bring cell phones, or MP3
players). Students also on overnight trips are allowed to bring devices
also. American Horse School IS NOT liable for theft, damage, or loss of
the devices.
e. Items confiscated from students must be retrieved and recorded by an
adult chaperone and given to an Administrator.
411 ATTENDANCE
a. Compulsory Attendance. The Administration is responsible for enforcing
the compulsory school attendance laws as provided by the Oglala Sioux
Tribal Code. Every child not exceeding the age of eighteen (18) years is
required to be enrolled in a school system, unless otherwise provided by
law.
b. Teachers will take attendance with the Native American Student
Information System (NASIS) no later than 9AM each school day.
c. Students arriving after 9am will be considered tardy and have to receive a 
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tardy slip from front office.
412 EARLY RELEASE
Individuals requesting early release of student(s) must report to the front office
to check out student(s) must fill out a Student Release Form before the
student(s) will be taken out of class during the regular school day. Students will
only be allowed to be checked out by persons listed in the student enrollment
packet, or by authorized OST Personnel with court documents. Early release of
students is not encouraged and can be counted as an absence. Parents / legal
guardians must wait in the front office for the child. The attendance clerk will
post a listing of students who arrived tardy each day along with the listing of
students checked out to the bus drivers NLT 3:30 pm each school day.
413 STUDENT ABSENCES
a. Students are required to attend their assigned classes regularly, be on
time, and have the responsibility to make up any work missed.
b. Students must receive a class entry slip from the Administrative Office
(front office) before being allowed into class when they are tardy.
c. Students are encouraged to do makeup work prior to leaving for schoolrelated activities or advanced authorized absences in order to continue
to be eligible for school related activities.
d. Upon request from the parent(s), the Administration may grant the
student an exempt for up to five (5) absences from school or classes for:
I. Illness of the student or a member of the student’s immediate
family.
II. Death of a member of the student’s immediate family.
III. Doctor or dental appointments that cannot be met on non-school
time. A letter must be provided from the doctor.
IV. Other justifiable reasons authorized by the Superintendent.
e. Designated staff person shall report to the parent / legal guardian of said
student in the following manner:
I. After five (5) days of total absences by the student, a form letter
will be sent by the Administration to the parent(s) / Legal
Guardian(s) notifying them of the absences. The attendance clerk
will print an attendance caller log by 10 AM and call said parents /
Legal Guardians and note the reason in the Native American
Student Information System (NASIS) so teachers are aware of the
reasons behind student absences.
II. After ten (10) days of total absences, the student will be placed on
a dropout prevention list. The Administration will contact parents
and the student to come for a conference, and the student will
placed on an attendance contract. Parents must come to the
school to meet with the Administration and teacher to review the
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attendance contract.
III. After 10 consecutive absences students will be dropped from
enrollment. If parent or legal guardian decide to reenroll the
student, they must come in and fill out an enrollment packet.
IV. After the second time a student is dropped due to attendance, they
will not be allowed to re-enroll that current semester at AHS and
will have to meet with the AHS school board before reenrolling
V. Tardies – Students are designated as tardy at 9:00 am. Students
must get a tardy slip from the front office before going to the
classroom. The teacher will change the absent to tardy and note
the time in NASIS. Students will be considered absent for the day,
if they miss 85% of their instructional time. The attendance clerk
will post a listing of students who arrived tardy each day along with
the listing of students checked out to the bus drivers NLT 3:30 pm
each school day.
VI. After twenty (20) total absences, the student is dropped from
enrollment in accordance with the Bureau of Indian Education’s
NASIS and will be retained at the current grade level in
accordance with South Dakota state law and OST code unless
student tests above grade level.
414 RETENTION
a. Retention shall be used only when it is to the advantage of the student
and shall be recommended by the teacher with the final assignment made
by the Administration following a review of the individual case with the
parent(s) or Legal Guardian(s).
b. Teachers must confer with the student(s) parent(s) or Legal Guardian(s)
well before the end of the school year and at least by the end of the first
semester when retention is being considered. A student can be retained if
he/she is one or two grades levels below promotable grade in one or both
reading/math.
415 GENERAL SCHOOL RULES
a. Students are expected to adhere to the American Horse School
standards of behavior and conduct in the student handbook in an
acceptable manner while at school, school-sponsored, or school-related
activities. Any deviation from acceptable behavior by the student will
result in immediate disciplinary action. The Administration or his/her
designee will deal with major infractions of school rules.
b. Each classroom teacher is responsible for establishing and enforcing
classroom rules. The violation of these or other established rules while at
school, on the school grounds, at school- sponsored or school-related
activities by the student may result in detention, suspension, expulsion or
ineligibility to participate in school-related activities by the student.
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c. Students will not make out going personal calls on the school time, nor
will they be called to receive incoming calls unless there is an emergency
situation.
416 STUDENT TIME OUT
a. Students can be placed in a time-out setting. Teachers from the
classroom will provide homework for the student for the duration of time
out.
b. Students will stay in the alternative classroom under the supervision of
authorized personnel. If students continue not to work or be disruptive,
the teacher will call the front office and have the attendance clerk call the
parent or Legal Guardian and have the phone call transferred to the
classroom.
c. IN-SCHOOL SUSPENSION – The Administration, after conferring with
the teacher, may send a student to in- school suspension. Students can
be sent to in school suspension for one to three days. After conferring,
Administration will place the student on a behavior contract.
d. After two (2) in-school suspensions, the Administration may also
determine if the student needs to be placed in Out-of-School Suspension
or if the parent/Legal Guardian will be required to accompany the student
in the classroom.
e. More than two in school suspensions in a month may result in the student
being placed in out of school suspension or parent/Legal Guardian will be
required to accompany their child and remain with them in their classroom
for a specified time.
417 OUT-OF-SCHOOL SUSPENSION
Students can be sent to Out-of-School suspension after being in two (2) InSchool-Suspensions or violation of the minor, moderate, and major
infractions as outlined in the Behavior Policy Matrix.
418 EXPULSIONS
a. The School Board may expel a student for the balance of any semester
for conduct that disrupts the educational process or endangers the life,
health or safety of the student or others. Prior to final action, the School
Board and its administrator(s) must follow the requirements of due
process.
b. All major discipline infractions can be considered for expulsion by the
School Board.
c. Students who lose 100+ points will be considered for expulsion by
American Horse School Board. Any students expelled from any
school including American Horse School will not be allowed to reenroll at AHS until the next new school year.
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d. Any student caught vandalizing, breaking and entering, or stealing will
be recommended by the Administration to be considered for
expulsion by the American Horse School Board. These students will
not be allowed to enroll at AHS for one year. (See the Behavior Policy
Matrix)
e. Eighth grade students with no points by the 4th quarter, must
complete all academic testing and will receive their diploma; however
they will not be authorized to attend the 8th grade banquet,
graduation, 8th grade incentive trip or receive any gifts. Once testing
is completed, they will finish the school year and receive their
diploma.
419 BUS RIDING CONDUCT and Rules
Parents/Guardian must be on the enrollment application to call or write
a note to change the student’s bus destination after school or after
school activities, not later than one hour before dismissal or returning
from an after school activity.
Violation of the following Bus Riding Rules may result in students’ losing
their bus riding privileges a determined time will be set by the
Administration and transportation leader, during this time the parents will be
responsible for transporting their students to and from school.
a. Obey all the directions of the bus driver & bus monitor.
b. Be courteous, no profane language allowed.
c. No eating or drinking on the bus.
d. Keep the bus clean.
e. Always cooperate with the bus driver and bus monitor.
f. Do not damage or tamper with bus equipment.
g. Always stay in your seat unless otherwise told by bus personnel.
h. Always keep head, hands, and feet inside bus.
i. Absolutely no fighting, pushing, or shoving on the bus.
j. If behavior is so severe that it endangers the occupants of the vehicle,
etc. The driver will stop the bus and call law enforcement to remove
students that are causing the disruption.
k. Do not bring pets on the bus.
l. The bus driver and bus monitor are authorized to assign seats.
m. Parents and students are not allowed to physically or verbally abuse
students or staff members while on the bus.
n. Any personal items brought on the bus are not the responsibility of
AMERICAN HORSE SCHOOL OR STAFF.
f. Adult/Chaperones on any activities need to be responsible for all students
on all bus rides.
g. THERE WILL BE NO POP, CANDY, OR SUNFLOWER SEEDS
ALLOWED ON THE SCHOOL BUSES. 
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h. Students are not allowed to bring expensive personal items or anything of
value to school, such as: jewelry, Healy’s (roller shoes), MP3 players,
IPODs, IPAD’S,FIDGET SPINNERS Kindle, any music devises, cell
phones, DVDs, electronic games, and cash over .00 (except during
book fair & picture time when they can have or more).
o.
p. No alcohol, tobacco, or illegal drugs are to be brought on the bus or to
school. IF VIOLATED LOCAL AUTHORITIES WILL BE NOTIFIED.
q. Please follow the rules and be respectful as it will help in providing a
safe trip for all students and staff.
420 STUDENT DISCIPLINE POLICY (BUILDING, CLASSROOM, AND
GENERAL RULES)
a. General Rules
I. American Horse School Board has approved a point system that
coincides with student time out, In-school suspension, Out of
school suspension, Expulsion - and refers directly to Behavior
policy matrixes of the AHS student hand book’s discipline policy.
II. Students start with 100 points per year. Students who enroll with in
the 2nd quarter will start with 75 points, and Students who enroll
within the 3rd quarter will start with 50 points.
III. Students will have points deducted when misbehavior is exhibited
and they have violated paragraph 418 of the AHS student
handbook.
IV. Students will be deducted 3 points for a minor infraction, 5 points
for a moderate infraction, and 10 points for major infraction. 10
points for in-school-suspension and 35 points for an out-of-school
suspension. ISS – 5 points a day not exceeding 3 days.
V. The definition of minor, moderate, or major infraction will be in
accordance with the Behavior Policy Matrix paragraph of the AHS
student Handbook. Students will only be assessed for the higher
point infraction when it involves a minor, moderate, or major
infraction and/or infraction and suspension.
VI. Student actions will be reported to Administration in writing by the
instructional/school staff when an incident occurs. The
parents/caregivers will receive a copy of the incident from the bus
driver or bus monitor when the student goes home. A monthly
update on the number of points that a student has had deducted
will be sent home.
VII. Student tracking folders will be kept in the Superintendent or
Administration office and will be updated with each student action.
Parent /Legal Guardian will also be notified for each student
infraction and their status on the point system during the quarterly 
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parent/teacher conferences.
VIII. When a student has exhausted their total 100 points the
Parent/Legal Guardian and student will meet with the American
Horse School Board to determine student’s future status at AHS.
Student will be place in out of school suspension until the parents
/caregivers attend the meeting and a resolution has been
determined by the American Horse School Board and
Administration.
IX. Students who transfer out while they are in out of school
suspension in Lieu of expulsion will not be allowed to re-enroll
within the current school year. Students who wish to reenroll at
AHS will have to wait until the following new school year.
X. When a student reaches the following level of points the parents
will meet with:
• 75 Points Parents come and meet with Teachers
• 50 Parents meet with Administration
• 25 Parents meet with American Horse School Board
• When a student points reach 20 points remaining he\she will
be placed in the alternative classroom and will work on
general studies and understanding of policy.
b. American Horse Middle School Building Rules
I. Use positive words no profane language
II. Keep hands feet and all other body parts to yourself. No touching
or horseplay!
III. No jumping up and hitting the doors, ceiling, or tipping chairs.
IV. No graffiti on calendars, textbooks, 3-ring binders, homework
assignments or anything else school related. Assignments with
graffiti on them will be redone.
V. Bathroom breaks need to be taken in the during breakfast and
lunch. Calendars are required and the teacher note when each
bathroom usage.
VI. In the mornings, you need to go directly to your homeroom after
eating breakfast.
VII. Computers are to be used for school related activities only. Misuse
of the computers will result in the loss of computer privileges,
leading to failure to complete assignments equals 0’s.
VIII. During lunch, you need to remain seated at your homeroom table.
IX. Phone calls, if needed, will be made on Jodi’s office phone.
X. Incomplete assignments will be completed afterschool. (All
assignments must be complete in order to participate in any
activities).
XI. Everyone should have a novel with them to read at all times! If you
complete your work early you are to read your novel silently.
Novels are not to be read during classroom instruction or
classroom activities, only after all work is finished.
XII. If you are asked to remove a hooded sweater, jacket, coat, or a 
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hood or hat of any kind and you refuse the item will be held for you
until the end of the day.
XIII. Absolutely no seeds or permanent markers will be allowed in the
school!
XIV. No candy, chips, pop, or other food items are to be brought to
school, unless it is a special occasion or it is provided by the
Instructor(s).
XV. No MP3 Players, IPods, headphones, tablets, I pads, Fidget
Spinners, Cell Phones, Any Electronic Devices, Etc. are allowed at
school.
XVI. All school supplies will be purchased and provided by the
American Horse School; any personal supplies need to stay at
home to be used for homework. If they are brought to school they
will be taken away.
XVII. Girls are not to wear heels, make-up, spaghetti straps, low cut
shirts, or shirts showing their stomach, or high skirts/shorts.
XVIII. Absolutely no piercings except for ears.
XIX. Boys are not to wear any undershirts as a shirt or baggy pant
hanging below the belt line.
XX. Appropriate attire no sexual related connotations or promotion of
alcohol/drugs or gang affiliation on clothing.
XXI. Respect yourself and others: students, staff, and the environment
XXII. No hickeys (including pitch hickeys)
c. American Horse School Cafeteria Rules
I. Clean up after yourself, respect the custodians
II. Sit with your class
III. Bottoms on benches
IV. Bodies facing forward
V. Dump tray one person at a time
VI. Food and Trays stay on the table at all times while eating
VII. Use quiet voices
VIII. Keep hands, bodies, and objects to yourself
IX. Walk everywhere you go
X. Ask permission for restroom, drinks, to get out of your seat, and for
seconds
XI. Respect the cooks
XII. No food shall leave the cafeteria
XIII. Hands in pockets or clasped in front or back
XIV. Do not lean on or touch the walls
XV. Keep feet on the floor
XVI. Stay in class groups in single file order
XVII. Keep all body parts to yourself
XXIII. Walk respectfully to and from your destination
XXIV. No horse play and/or spinning
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d. Bathroom Rules
I. Respect privacy of others and their personal space
II. Hands and pockets empty
III. Keep the bathroom clean
IV. No playing around
V. Three second drinks
VI. Always wash your hands with soap and water
VII. No writing on stalls and walls
VIII. All students are responsible to use the bathroom when they
need to
e. Playground/Outside Rules
I. Stay on the playground—do not play on building ramps, stairs, or
FACE Early Education equipment
II. Leave animals, dirt, and insects alone
III. Only one person on the slide and swings
IV. Listen to all adults
V. Come when your teacher calls
VI. Line up quietly and immediately
VII. No climbing up the slide
VIII. No twisting, jumping off, or sideways swinging
IX. No climbing on the trees
X. No football, wrestling, or rough play
XI. Keep your hands and feet to yourself
XII. No personal toys on the playground
XIII. Share playground and equipment with others
f. Computer Lab
I. Stay on assigned site with no other windows open
II. No chewing on equipment or other misuse
III. No misuse of computers and their parts: Mouse, Computer Screen,
Web Cam, Tables, Mouse Pads, and Plug-in’s
IV. Log on program promptly and stay on task!
V. Only log into your own account
VI. Don’t distract others, focus on your own computer
VII. No playing games/music at any time or on any device
VIII. No picking on the computer (logos, screens, keys, cords, etc.)
IX. No one else is authorized to log into your account
I. Any infractions of the rules will result in disciplinary action. The
school administration reserves the right to immediately suspend
students when the students knowingly and deliberately exhibit
behavior that endangers the life, health, or safety of themselves or
others, or that causes severe damage to school or personal
property.
II. Students will act in accordance with the Lakota values of respect, 
19
generosity, fortitude, and courage with all other students and staff.
The American Horse School Board has adopted a Zero Tolerance
Policy for minor, moderate, and major offenses as listed in the
Behavior Policy Matrix.
III. Building, classroom, and playground rules must be followed by all
students at all times on American Horse School grounds for the
safety of the students.
20
421 BEHAVIOR POLICY MATRIXES
DEDUCATION OF ANY POINTS IS ONLY ASSESED BY THE
ADMINISTRATION!!!! The Behavior policy matrix enforce to provide a
positive learning environment for all students attending American
Horse School are as follows:
MINOR INFRACTIONS : EACH MINOR INFRACTION IS A LOSS OF
THREE (3) POINTS; ANY THREE (3) MINOR INFRACTIONS WITHIN A
WEEK BECOMES A MAJOR INFRACTION AND WILL BE REFERRED TO
ADMINISTRATION FOR REVIEW.
Minor Infraction
Contact Parent \
Legal Guardian
Cultural Guidance
and or Counseling
In School Suspension
Disruption of class X X X
Horse Playing X X X
Disrespectful
Language/Gestures
X X X
Abuse of School or
personal materials
X X X
Inappropriate Personal
conduct (i.e. table
Manners, public displays
of affection.
X X X
Refusal to work X X X
Violation of Rules/
Playground rules
X X X
Inappropriate
dress/Clothing
X X
Student may be given an
appropriate Shirt to wear
21
The Behavior policy matrix is enforced to provide a positive learning environment
for all students attending American Horse School and is as follows:
Moderate infraction: Each Moderate infraction is a loss of five (5) points
two (2) moderate's in a week student will be referred to in-school
suspension and counseling.
3 MINOR INFRACTIONS OF THE SAME OFFENSES CAN BE RESULT IN
STUDENT BEING PLACED IN SCHOOL SUPENSION AND OR
REFERRED TO COUNSELING.
Moderate
Infraction
Contact
Parent \
Legal
Guardian
Cultural
Guidance and
or Counseling
In School
Suspension
Violation of fire code: i.e.:
possession of fireworks,
lighters, matches etc.….
X X X
Truancy Skipping Classes X X X
Defacing school property X X X
Hickeys X X X
Bus Violations
X X X
Academic Dishonesty (i.e.
cheating, forging) X X X
Intentional profound language
or gestures towards adults
X X X
22
The Behavior policy matrix is enforced to provide a positive learning environment
for all students attending American Horse School and is as follows:
Each Major infraction is a loss of ten (10) points
All Major infractions will be up for review to administration and AHS
school board. They could potential result in IN/Out suspension
three (3) minor violations in one week = loss of 10 points
(2 ) Moderate violations in one week = loss of 10 points
one (1) major infraction = loss of 10 points
Major Infraction
Contact
Parent \
Legal
Guardian
Cultural
Guidance and or
Counseling
In
School
Suspe
nsion
Fighting, Bullying, Racking X X X
Possession of a weapon of
any kind
X X X
Bomb threat \ misuse of fire
alarm X X X
Vandalism\Theft X X X
Possession use, or
distributing of drugs \
alcohol \ tobacco
X X X
Verbal \ Threats of bodily harm
or Sexual misconduct to
students or staff
X X X
Non-Violent- Gang Related
Activates, Actions or
graffiti
X X X
Any leaving of the school
property without permission
X X X
Malicious Negligence with
Social media
( cyber bullying )
X X X
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422 BEHAVIOR POLICY MATRIX DEFINITIONS
a. American Horse School Anti-Bullying Policy
I. American Horse School is committed to providing a safe and civil
education environment for all students. American Horse School
recognizes that a safe and civil education environment is one in
which students are free from school violence and bullying.
American Horse School further recognizes that students are free
from school violence and bullying. American Horse School further
recognizes that requiring school violence and bullying policies in
BIE-funded schools and dormitories will reduce the risks that act of
school violence and bullying pose to a safe and civil education
environment.
II. “Bullying” is defined as an intentional written or verbal expression,
physical act or gesture, or a pattern thereof that takes place on
school property, in school vehicles, at a designated school bus
stop, or at any school-sponsored event that:
• Causes physical harm or distress to a student
• Damages a student’s property
• Has the effect of substantially interfering with a student’s
education
• Is severe, persistent, or pervasive enough that it creates an
intimidating or threatening educational environment
• Has the effect of substantially disrupting the orderly
operation of the school or dormitory
III. Examples of bullying may include:
• Physical attacks (pushing, hitting, punching, hair pulling,
scratching, spitting, etc.)
• Verbal abuse (name calling, racist remarks, teasing, etc.)
• Social exclusions (ostracism, ignoring, alienating, etc.)
• Psychological abuse (acts that instill a sense of fear or
anxiety)
• Any act that has the effect of insulting or demeaning any
individual or group of individuals in such a way as to cause
distress, reluctance to attend school, a decline in work
standards, or problem behaviors.
• Any student participating in any and all social networking
with malicious or negative intent that pertains to any
American Horse School stake holders, student, or staff will
be recommended to receive a major infraction with
consequences.
• Any student refusing teacher direction, disrespecting the
class, and interrupting other student’s education will be
removed from the classroom by and administrator, and\or
an appropriate staff member and put in alternative
classroom.
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IV. Upon receiving a report of bullying behavior from a student witness
or victim, the staff shall initiate immediate steps to address the
concerns of the student who reported the incident. If a student
reports that he or she was subjected to bullying behavior by a
fellow student, the staff person shall assess the situation to
determine if the behavior meets the criteria for bullying or if the
behavior was an isolated incident that can be resolved without the
matter being referred to another source.
V. If the behavior is considered to be a form of bullying that has the
potential to escalate, the staff person shall complete the Student
Disciplinary Form and refer the matter to the Administration or his
or her designee.
VI. The Administration or her\his designee shall schedule a meeting
with the offender and inform him or her that his behavior towards a
fellow student is unacceptable and a violation of the school’s
policy. The Administration or her\his designee may then refer
incidents of bullying to other sources for resolution. The source to
which the matter may be referred will depend on the frequency of
occurrences and the magnitude of the behavior:
VII. It is essential that all credible reports of bullying behavior be
documented on the school’s Student Disciplinary Form, including
any disciplinary measures that were initiated by school staff. The
form shall then be placed in both the offender’s and victim’s
student file and maintained at the school site for future reference.
VIII. The Administration or her\his designee should ensure that the
Parents/Legal Guardians of both the victim and the offender are
notified in a timely manner. The Parents/Legal Guardians shall be
informed that an incident was reported and that the school
administrator has initiated steps to address the issue. Notification
to Parent/Legal Guardians shall be documented in the “Disciplinary
Action Take” section of the Student Disciplinary Form.
IX. School staff members are responsible for immediately reporting
incidents of bullying and filling out the Student Disciplinary Form.
X. The Administration or her\his designee is responsible for meeting
with the offender and target, notifying parents, referring the
incident to external resources as necessary, and following up with
the victim to ensure the matter has been resolved.
b. Sexual Harassment
I. Any gesture that is threatening or insinuating, either explicitly or
implicitly, and results in a student’s refusal to submit to sexual
advances shall be considered sexual harassment.
II. The School Board will provide students with a pleasant
environment that encourages efficient, productive and creative
work. Sexual harassment is illegal, unacceptable, and will not be
tolerated during school hours or at school sponsored activities. No
employee or student of the school may sexually harass another 
25
and any employee or student will be subject to disciplinary action,
including possible termination of employment or expulsion of the
student for violation of this policy..
III. Other sexually harassing conduct in the school system is
prohibited and includes:
• Unwelcome sexual flirtations, touching, advances or
proposition
• Verbal abuse of a sexual nature, jokes or stories
• Graphic or suggestive comments about an individual’s dress
or body
• Sexually degrading words to describe an individual
• The display of sexually suggestive objects or pictures,
including photographs
IV. Sexual harassment is not limited to problems involving
male/female relationships; it may involve individuals of the same
gender.
V. Responsibility: Board members, employees and students are
responsible for maintaining a working and learning environment
free from sexual harassment. In- service training will be provided at
the beginning of each school year by the administration to explain
this policy and law.
VI. Procedures: Any student who believes he/she has been a victim of
sexual harassment by another student or employee on school
premises, during school hours or school related activities should
promptly report the incident to the Administration.
VII. A student should also report to parent(s) / Legal Guardian(s),
teacher or Administration any incidents of sexual harassment.
VIII. Careful scrutiny will be undertaken of all allegations of sexual
harassment. All reported incidents will be investigated within
seventy-two (72) hours. Findings will result in:
• No action taken (complaint unfounded),
• A hearing scheduled with the Board for possible termination
of employment or expulsion of the student.
IX. Any student who has been disciplined under this policy and is
dissatisfied with the results may utilize the appropriate grievance
procedure.
X. False allegations that are malicious or ill-founded may constitute
libel or slander.
c. School Service
I. School Service will be assigned by administration and designee.
School Service can consist of performing a cleanup service for the
American Horse School with supervision from American Horse
School. Tasks will not be demeaning to the student but will
demonstrate appropriate community caring and well-being for our
community, school resources and environment.
II. Transportation home will be provided by the American Horse 
26
School after completion of community service duties.
423 STUDENT DUE PROCESS
a. Students have the right to due process in all disciplinary procedures
involving minor and major infractions which may result in long term
expulsion. Types of due process will include, but not be limited:
b. There will be a letter recommending that the student be expelled sent to
the AHS board and the parent\Legal Guardian within three working\school
days.
c. After parent receives letter the will have 5 working days if they want a
board hearing\meeting also attached will be a letter with check boxes for
the following:
III. I want or don’t want board hearing “whether you will have legal
counsel for your student or not “and it will also have a place for the
parent \ legal guardian to sign and date the document. AHS–
Administration Dr. Gloria J. Kitsopoulos or her designee will then
have three days to schedule that meeting and to notify the
parent\legal guardian when the meeting will take place to a final
review of the incident and documents recommendation for
approval.
IV. Administration or the designee will write the letter with the AHS
board’s decision and it will be sent to the parent\legal guardian by
certified mail or hand carried by school official. The above replaces
the whole grievance procedure section.
V. AHS Staff & Board will not discuss student issues with anyone but
the students’ legal guardian. Any person who attempts to bully or
intimidate AHS Staff or Board members will be reported to OST
department of public safety.
424 GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE
a. Any student and/or the parent(s) or Legal Guardian(s) of such students
who feel they have been discriminated against, believe their rights have
been violated, or have any other grievance concerning school affairs or
administrative decisions may initiate grievance procedures.
b. When a grievance is brought by a minor student, the student’s parent(s) \
Legal Guardian must be a party to the proceedings.
c. Grievances shall be settled quickly as possible. The number of days may
be extended by mutual agreement of the parties, of grievance
proceeding.
d. Informal Grievance. Any student or the parent(s) of such student may
present a grievance in person to the Administration who shall gather
pertinent information through informal conferences and render a decision
within a reasonable time after submission of the grievance need to be
initiated within two (2) days that school is in session.
27
e. Formal Grievance
I. This procedure is to provide a formal method for the resolution of a
grievance and should not be used unless informal procedures do
not resolve the matter to the satisfaction of the grievant.
II. If the grievant is not satisfied with the outcome of informal
procedures, the grievant may file a signed written appeal to the
Administration within five (5) school days of the completion of
informal procedures. The appeal must state the specific decision,
policy, procedure, or action with which they have a concern, the
date of the incident and any suggestions to remedy.
III. Parents may file a formal request for a hearing with the American
Horse School Board. The request must be in writing and submitted
to the Administration within three (3) school days following the
grievant receipt of the Superintendent’s decision and include
Notification that the student will have legal counsel at formal
hearing.
IV. The American Horse School Board will have a hearing, which is
conducted in executive session within five (5) school days from
receipt of the request.
V. Decision: The decision of the American Horse School Board is
final. If the student and/or his parent(s) waive their right to a
hearing or fail to appear at the hearing on the appointed date,
he/she forfeits by default and the school representative shall
proceed to present charge(s) to the panel for the record, unless
there is evidence of serious illness on the part of the student or the
death or serious illness of a member of the students immediate
family. AHS Board will notify guardian parent\student of their final
decision in writing within 3 working days.
425 ENTRANCE AGE
a. Children five (5) years of age by December 31 of the ensuing school term
at American Horse School shall be eligible to enroll in kindergarten. (25
CFR Part 39 ISEP Section 39.11)
b. AHS – has a 2-year Kindergarten Curriculum Program. Students are
tested at the beginning of the year for placement. Parents will be notified
in writing when their student is placed in the 2-year Kindergarten program
or 1-year program NOT LATER THAN the 31st day of October.
426 SCHOOL ADMISSIONS
a. American Horse School shall enroll students at their appropriate
educational level by September 30th. Each case thereafter will be
reviewed by the American Horse School Board; however, a student who
has been expelled from any school including AHS will not be enrolled.
28
b. Students previously enrolled at another educational system must present
appropriate verification of educational level that the student previously
participated in at prior school, academic level will then be determined by
Administration and approved for entrance by the American Horse School
Board.
c. If a student was caught or charged with school theft, burglary, or
vandalism, they will not be able to reenroll until the following school year.
d. The parent(s) or Legal Guardian(s) of the student enrolling must be
present and complete all necessary forms prior to finalization of
admission of the student.
e. Emergency contacts/phone numbers must be listed on the application.
All custody documents must be current and binding by tribal, state, or
federal law.
f. Prior to admittance, students and their parent(s) or Legal Guardian(s) are
to furnish the school with the following documents:
I. Immunization Record
II. Tribal Enrollment (CDIB)
III. Birth Certificate child must be five before 12/30 of that school year
IV. Bilingual Form
V. Internet policy agreement
VI. FERPA NOTICE (AKNOWLEDGMENT OF RECIEVEING THIS
NOTICE)
VII. Signature of student handbook
VIII. IHS medical release form
IX. Gifted and Talented services
X. Copy of Medicaid card \ medical insurance
XI. Student entering school must be potty trained
g. For all enrollments the above data is not provided by within ten (10)
school days after the beginning of the school year, student will be
dropped from enrollment at AHS and will not be allowed to re-enter until
all documents are provided by parent to school personnel.
h. FOSTER CHILD’S ENROLLMENT. Upon enrollment the foster parent will
receive a permission paper with their enrollment packet.
427 OPEN ENROLLMENT
American Horse School has an open enrollment policy. However the
following instances will require the AHS Board to consider curtailment of
enrollment during the school year:
a. Individual classrooms exceed 20 students
b. Shortage of teachers and staff
c. Lack of capacity on buses and bus drivers for new routes
d. Students that are expelled from any school
e. If we cannot provide adequate services
f. There is no open enrollment for eighth grade students after
December 31st and none for K-7 after the end of the third quarter of 
29
the school year.
428 ASSIGNMENT TO CLASSES
a. Placement of students shall be at the discretion of the Administration
considering the following criteria:
I. Quality and extent of the student’s previous training.
II. Records in writing from previous school(s) attended.
III. Evaluation of academic assessment results.
IV. Age, health, and maturity of the student.
V. Classroom Management
429 CHECKING OUT AMERICAN HORSE SCHOOL STUDENTS
No individual is authorized to check a student out from school, pick students
up after school activities, unless the person is on the checkout list or court
ordered with documents on file. (No exceptions) unless we have it in writing
or a phone call by parent\legal guardian. Students are not allowed to receive
phone calls unless it is an emergency and the individual is on the student’s
American Horse School enrollment application as an emergency contact
person. It would be appreciated if there is a family emergency you also inform
the administrator in charge that day.
430 TRANSFERS AND WITHDRAWALS FROM AMERICAN HORSE
SCHOOL
a. Students may transfer to another school at the request and authorization
of the parent(s) or Legal Guardian(s).
b. The NASIS Coordinator is responsible for providing documentation of
student withdrawal, the reasons, location, and entry to NASIS. The
Administration or designated staff person shall review this information
prior to its filing for reference and documentation.
431 GRADING
a. The following grading system will be used in the American Horse School
or grades Kindergarten – Eighth grade K-8th.
b. Students shall be protected from unjust or inconsistent academic or
personal evaluation and prejudice. A written report card shall be 
30
provided to parents four (4) times a year with supplementary reports as
needed. Incompletes must be completed prior to the end of the quarter
or the grade becomes an F.
c. Lakota Studies and Physical Education are pass/fail classes.
432 HOMEWORK
a. At American Horse School, 25% of a student’s grade each quarter
consists of homework. Homework will be sent home every day school (4
days a week).
b. The Daily homework log will be attached to Monday (or the first day’s
homework) lesson. The daily homework log (attached on the back of this
policy) lists the homework for the week for math, reading and any other
subject areas (students should always be taking home a book to read at
night) and will also outline the common core standard that the homework
is aligned to so parents see that homework is not busy work but work that
is required by state and national reading and math common core
standards. The teacher will grade each homework lesson and send it
back attached to the log with teacher comments on the student’s
achievement on the specific assignment. Request the parent make any
comments and sign the log each night after the student completes their
homework so it is ready for the student to bring back to school the next
school day. All teachers are expected to send home a record of the
assignments the student will have weekly. Homework includes any and all
assignments that are sent home with the student to be completed at
home and brought back to school the following day.
c. Homework is placed in each student backpack so it is not forgotten at
school.
d. Middle School Homework. An assignment book is sent home daily
with a list of the assignments that the student has in each class.
Parents and/or guardians are expected to sign the assignment book to
acknowledge that they understand their student’s assignments for
each class.
e. Elementary School Homework. An assignment sheet that lists the
assignments for each student is sent home four days a week. The
homework log will include any and all math (Accelerated Math is
mandatory), reading (Accelerated Reading is mandatory), and any other
homework needed for class. The parent and/or guardian are expected to
sign the assignment log to acknowledge that they understand their
student’s weekly homework. The teacher is expected to return the
assignment log the following week to the parent with information
regarding the student’s homework habits.
f. The school acknowledges that some curricula requires work to be done
outside the classroom, and will be done as homework; for example: math
and reading independent work.
31
433 SPECIAL EDUCATION
a. Student(s) Individual Education Plan (IEP) goals and performance criteria
are used to determine student progress. Grading alternatives will be
determined at the annual IEP/Multi-disciplinary meeting. The Special
Education Program will follow South Dakota State Special Education
policy and the American Horse School Special Education Eligibility
Document and Special Education Procedures. The program will be selfassessed annually by the Administration and Special Education
Coordinator using an education monitoring program. The Special
Education Policy is on file and available in the Special Education office
and may be reviewed by any parent/Legal Guardian. A copy will be
provided to parents/Legal Guardians to review in the Special Education
Office upon written request.
b. SPECIAL EDUCATION POLICY
I. The American Horse School Board has adopted a Special
Education Policy that promotes collaboration among parents,
educators, students, community and other agencies to make
available the full range of personnel, programming, and placement
options, including early intervention and transition services,
required to ensure that all children with disabilities have available
to them a free and appropriate public education. This will be
accomplished by meeting all Federal BIE mandated procedures in
accordance with the individuals with Disabilities Education Act 34
CFR300 (IDEA) 2004, The South Dakota Special Education
Legislative Codified Law Special Assistance and related services
Chapter 13-37 and the Oglala Sioux Tribe Education codes. The
laws and codes referred to are on file and available in the
American Horse School Special Education Office and may be
copied and provided to the parent\Legal Guardian.
II. Due to the remote and rural physical location of American Horse
School it is very difficult to provide extensive special education
services to all students who qualify for special needs. However,
every attempt is made by the AHS administration and Special
Education Consultant to contract for services not available in the
area or to transport student to services within a two hours driving
radius for services that are identified on the student’s
Individualized Education
III. Plan (IEP). When an AHS student that qualifies for the special
needs program(s) IAW the IDEA 2004 law and is placed on the
IEP that recommends placement in a residential education
placement program and the parent is in concurrence and signs the
IEP. AHS will begin the process for financial support and physical
placement of that student immediately. The paper work for
placement of a student is extensive and very time consuming, as it
requires coordinating with several offices and programs.
32
IV. The funding must be approved by both the BIE Special Education
Office and the South Dakota Title IX office and the majority of the
placement facilities for students in Kindergarten through eighth
grade are usually in the eastern part of the state and have very few
vacancies.
V. Once all approvals have been received and the notice that there is
a vacancy for a student’s placement by age or grade level, the
student will need to be transported immediately by the family
otherwise the vacancy will be filled by another students on the
waiting list.
VI. AHS will assist with the travel requirements but the students’
parent or Legal Guardian may or may not depending on type of
appointment. If the parent refuses the placement or refuses to
accompany the student to the residential placement facility in
accordance with 34 C.F.R &300.300 (b) (4) (iii) the school district is
no longer responsible for providing FAPE to the student. Once a
parent refuses consent of services for special education related
services, the student is considered a regular education student and
will be treated as such under ESEA, 73 Fed, Reg. 73011 (
December 1, 2008) . In addition the student will not have an IEP;
therefore, AHS will no longer be required under the IDEA to
provide accommodations that were previously included in the
student’s IEP. Also if the parent refuses the placement outlined on
the IEP, which they have previously concurred with, the parent is
refusing services as described in &300.534. (c)(1)(iii), therefore,
American Horse School is not deemed to have knowledge that the
student is a student with a disability and the student may be
disciplined as a general education student and is not entitled to the
Act’s discipline protections. 73 Fed. Reg. 73012 (December 1,
2008).
VII. The Special Education Policy is on file and available in the Special
Education office and may be reviewed by any parent/Legal
Guardian. A copy will be provided to parents/Legal Guardians to
review in the
VIII. Special Education Office upon written request.
434 GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS
f. The graduation requirements shall meet or exceed the South Dakota
Department of Education and Cultural Affairs, Oglala Sioux Tribe, and
Bureau of Indian Education requirements. Eighth grade students with
no points by the 4th quarter, must complete all academic testing and
will receive their diploma; however, they will not be authorized to
attend the 8th grade banquet, graduation, 8th grade incentive trip or
receive any gifts. Once testing is completed, they will finish the school
year and receive their diploma.
33
435 PARENT CONFERENCES
a. The Board recognizes the importance of parent/teacher relationships. At
least three (3) parent/teacher conferences shall be scheduled each year
for parent(s) of children in the school.
b. The teacher shall arrange additional conferences with parents in
instances when children are having learning or behavior problems. In
addition, teachers are recommended to call the homes of the students
under their instructional supervision at least once during each school
year.
436 STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES
a. Students shall not take medication, including prescription drugs, while at
school unless such medicine is given to them by school authorities acting
under specific written request of the parent or Legal Guardian and under
the directive of the student’s personal physician.
b. Should the illness or injury appear serious, every effort will be made to
notify the parent(s) or Legal Guardian(s) immediately. Parents will be
notified and requested to pick up student at school or meet the student at
clinic. No student who is ill or injured will be sent home alone. Every injury
accident in the school building, on the school grounds, at schoolsponsored or school- related activities will be reported immediately to the
personnel in charge at the time and a written report will be given to the
parent(s) or Legal Guardian(s).
c. Student Hygiene & Mental Health
I. American Horse School will take all precautions to control personal
hygiene up to and including washing & cleaning a student’s hair at
school with or without parent/Legal Guardian permission.
II. Students who are referred by teachers for personal hygiene issues
will be evaluated by the Administration, who will have the students
hygiene issues addressed: Showering, Lice Cleaning, Clean
Clothes etc.…
III. Emotional health issues will be determined on an individual basis
and will be referred to the proper agencies.
437 PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS
a. The Board believes the early detection of developmental and health
problems in children can reduce their later need for care, reduce physical
and educational handicaps, and aid rehabilitation.
b. Students shall undergo physical or medical screening or treatment unless
the parent or Legal Guardian of the student notifies the Administration in
writing that he/she objects to such physical or medical examination upon 
34
religious grounds or for medical reasons.
438 INOCULATIONS
a. All students and staff will follow state regulations for shots for
immunization, Parent(s) of each child admitted to school shall present
certification from a licensed physician or authorized representative of the
State Department of Health that the child has received immunization
against polio myelitis, diphtheria, pertussis, rubella (measles), rubella,
mumps, tetanus, meningitis, and chicken pox and other required
immunizations.
b. Parents will be notified by Administration that this must be completed by
the 1st of October of the current School year. Students who have not
received the required immunization by Oct. 1 will be dropped from
enrollment.
c. 6tth grade shot requirement----------------------------------
439 PHYSICAL EDUCATION (EXCUSED)
The Administration may excuse a student from physical education class
activities provided the student has a medical difficulty, which would be
complicated by participation. The parent(s) or Legal Guardian(s) must let the
Physical Education teacher know in writing of the student’s medical
difficulty(s).
440 BICYCLE USE
All students are required to be transported by bus or parent/Legal Guardian.
Bicycles will not be allowed to be parked, ridden, or stored in school facilities
during the school day. The Board assumes no responsibility for theft,
damage, or accidents resulting from student use of bicycles on school
premises.
441 AUTOMOBILE/MOTORCYCLE USE
Driving on school roads and parking on school property is a courtesy offered
to the community by the Board. The Board assumes no responsibility for
damage to cars, theft, or accidents resulting from automobiles or motorcycles
driven on school premises and directs the Administration in cooperation with
the local police department to establish rules and regulation for assuring
traffic safety.
442 STUDENT ACTIVITY PROGRAM
a. The Board encourages the involvement of students in regular and extracurricular activities of the school and athletic participation in BFC 
35
sanctioned events.
b. There are presently many activities for students to participate in, but not
limited to the following: Basketball, Football, Volleyball, Cheerleading,
Lakota Dance Club, Drum Group, Student Council, Cross Country, track ,
softball, and archery.
c. Students are encouraged to seek sponsors for any new activities in which
they share an interest.
443 ATHLETIC ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS
The eligibility requirements for extra-curricular activities are to promote
consistent positive student involvement in classroom participation and daily
attendance. Students not meeting the following eligibility requirements will
not be allowed to participate in school-related activities during the period in
which they are declared ineligible. Eligibility to play sports at AHS is a
student must meet the Big Foot Conference (BFC) age policy. If a student
turns 15 before the season he\she will no longer be eligible and will not be
allowed to play sports.
a. Attendance
I. Students may not miss more than one (1) day per week or be tardy
to class more than three (3) times from any one class or teacher.
Attendance eligibility will affect all grades and will be determined
on a weekly basis through coordination with the existing
attendance program and weekly reports. A fourth tardy will result in
student’s ineligibility for the extra-curricular activities for that week.
II. A student who is absent on a day that an activity is scheduled or
the day before and after a non- academic activity will not be
eligible for participation. Unless a student’s absence was due to a
scheduled appointment at their physician office and a doctor slip is
needed or due to a death in the student’s immediate family.
b. Academics. Students must have a minimum of 69% overall grade point
average weekly. Students cannot be behind more than 2 assignments.
c. Behavior
I. Students who are suspended for disciplinary problems or who
have been referred to the Alternative Classroom for behavior
problems or other reasons are ineligible to participate in extracurricular activities for that week.
II. The eligibility agreement will be given out by the athletic director
and he will have it signed by all parents and athletes. SAMPLE
BELOW:
• There will be no fighting \ bullying during practice, games &
school hours.
• All players will sit together during away games. Small groups
will be assigned when leaving the team area.
• Gossiping will not be tolerated when working together as a
team.
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• Be at practice on time & be prepared
• Practice is a must to build & strengthen team skills.
• Must follow attendance, academic and homework.
• All school, bus & eligibility rules will be followed while on the
team
• Coach & team member communication is a must. Inform coach
of any intentions to quit or any problems. Should a team
member quit, they will not be able to rejoin.
• If any of the team rules are broken, it will result in a suspension
or disqualification from the team.
• Any concerns or problems that coaching staff should be aware
of, put in writing and present to athletic director
d. Students who demonstrate disorderly conduct or violate the Behavior
Policy Matrix of
e. American Horse School towards teammates or players from other schools
will not be eligible to play sports. If students are absent from school or are
ineligible to participate in sports the day of a game, they will not be
allowed to watch the game or be on the school premises at the time of the
game.
444 INTERSCHOLASTIC ACTIVITIES
a. The Administration shall have authority for the implementation and
supervision of all inter-scholastic activities or contests of the school as
delegated by the Board.
b. No invitations will be accepted to participate in out-of-school activities
without the prior approval of the Administration and School Board.
c. All individual or group practice in inter-scholastic activities shall be
conducted after the end of the academic school day. The amount of time
spent on instruction in interscholastic activities shall be of such duration
as not to detrimentally affect the preparation for and performance of the
academic endeavors of the student.
445 FIELD TRIPS AND EXCURSIONS
a. All field or activity trips shall be carefully planned to insure beneficial
learning experiences and adequate supervision of students. The prior
approval of the Administration is required for all field or activity trips and
requests must be submitted by sponsors as far in advance of the trip as
possible, but no later than five (5) school days before.
b. The person requesting the field or activity trip must arrange for
transportation, food, fiscal expenses, etc. prior to leaving. Parents must
be notified. If a student has had behavioral difficulties, the parent/Legal
Guardian must accompany the student(s) on the field trip. If a student is
absent the day prior to a scheduled non-academic field trip, that student
will stay at the school and complete missed assignments.
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c. Extra-Curricular Off Campus Activities Protocol:
I. AHS Chaperones/employees are responsible for the safety and
security of all students/individuals on any off-campus activities.
II. Employee/Chaperone in charge will be designated before off
campus activity departs from the school. That person will have the
phone number of the bus driver(s) on the trip and know where they
will be, if they have errands to run after dropping group off.
III. All employees/chaperones will know their duties before the offcampus activity departs from the school.
d. Procedures to follow if students are in immediate danger and/or situation
is determined to be unsafe physically or emotionally:
I. Employee in Charge: Stays with children; calls bus driver to make
sure they are ready for the children; calls school administrator.
II. Chaperone #1: Inform Management and Security by locating ANY
EMPLOYEE of said business to call management and security.
III. Chaperone #2: Call Police if in immediate danger
IV. Chaperone #3: Remove children to area of safety, outside of
business and put on bus.
V. School Administration informs AHS School Board President and
then calls the employee in charge to determine, what needs to be
done: i.e.…police reports, management of business reports…
446 CONTESTS FOR STUDENTS
a. Students may participate in a proposed local contest with the approval of
the Administration following careful investigation of its purpose and
merits.
b. The administration must be assured of the value of the contest to
students and shall refuse to consider contests designed largely for
promotional purposes. All proposed contest rules and regulations shall be
checked carefully.
c. When an event is found suitable, announcements shall be posted to give
everyone who qualifies as an entrant an opportunity to participate.
Students will not be required to take part in a contest sponsored by an
outside organization as part of his or her coursework.
447 STUDENT PERFORMANCES
Students shall be encouraged to showcase their talents through
presentations, exhibits, and other forms of media. All performances will
be scheduled through the Administration for authorization.
448 STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS
a. Included in the activities of the school are individual class organizations
which allow students an opportunity to work collaboratively on projects 
38
which provide activities related to fundraising, community service and
student government.
I. Students are free to organize within the school for political, social,
athletic, service and other proper and lawful purposes and shall not
be discriminated against because of membership in any such
organization.
II. Student organizations require staff sponsors who must be
approved by the School Board.
III. The use of school facilities, audio/visual materials, announcements
in school papers, and other media shall be made available through
normal channels and with normal protective controls to be
approved by student organizations.
IV. Any publication of any student organization shall enjoy freedom of
expression and opinion within the guidelines stated in the Student
Bill of Rights.
V. All approved student organizations may solicit funds with the prior
approval of the Administration & American Horse School Board.
449 STUDENT VOLUNTEERS
Students shall participate in the design and implementation of community
service activities in the school and community, so they can demonstrate
their competency and commitment to assisting the Lakota people. The
Board encourages the use of student volunteers in the educational
program and in useful community services if the additional load does not
interfere with their academic achievement.
450 STUDENT/COMMUNITY RELATIONS
The Board encourages active involvement of students and community
persons in activities, which provide a positive perspective of the students
and community residents. Students are to perceive themselves as
valuable members of the community in which they reside, and exhibit
behaviors reflective of the four basic Lakota values of Respect, Generosity,
Courage, and Wisdom.
451 STUDENT RECORDS
a. The Administration will maintain an updated and orderly
permanent/cumulative student record system that will not be released
without the prior written consent of the parent, Legal Guardian or student
of legal age. Student records are available for inspection by parents,
Legal Guardians and students of legal age upon their written request.
These permanent records will be limited to include only the student’s
school application information containing birth certificate, tribal
affiliation/enrollment or lineage, and health records.
39
b. Academic information will be annual SD state standardized test scores,
each grade level report card and attendance. If any court documents are
in effect for a student they will be maintained in these permanent files.
Student permanent or cumulative records will be released only for legal
purposes as required by law and only to proper authorities by written
consent. Student records are kept on file for 5 years and then are kept at
the national archive center.
c. Students informal testing and individual portfolios of weekly assessments
and writings are not part of the student’s permanent/cumulative record
and therefore are maintained in accordance with the testing program 457.
d. Special education records are kept for seven years than shredded.
452 STUDENT COUNCIL
a. “WE, the students of American Horse School, in order to develop selfgovernment and to further the interests of the school do hereby establish
and ordain this CONSTITUTION”.
b. ARTICLE I - TITLE
The name of the organization under this Constitution shall be the American
Horse School-Student Council.
c. ARTICLE II - OBJECTIVES
I. The objectives of the Student Council are:
• To increase student responsibility.
• To develop student leaders through active participation.
• To encourage student participation in solving their own problems
to promotepositive school spirit and conduct in all phases of
schoollife.
d. ARTICLE III - MEMBERSHIP
I. Section 1. The Student Council shall consist of the officers and two
class representative from fifth to eighth (5th to 8th) grade.
II. Section 2. Each member of the Student Council will be entitled to
one vote.
III. Section 3. A quorum shall consist of two thirds of the members. A
majority of those present is necessary to pass a measure.
IV. Section 4. It shall be the duty of the Student Council Advisor to see
that all actions conform to school policies and rules.
e. ARTICLE IV – OFFICERS. The officers of the Student Council shall be:
I. President - The President shall preside at all meetings of the
Student Council, call meetings, and be a member of all
committees.
II. Vice-President – The Vice-President shall take the place of the
President in his/her absence and will fill that office in case it is
declared vacant.
III. Secretary/Treasurer – The Secretary/Treasurer shall keep the
records of the Student Council, do correspondence for the
organization as approved by the Advisor, take minutes of the 
40
meetings and keep records of the collection and disbursement of
organization funds.
f. ARTICLE V - QUALIFICATIONS
I. Section 1. Any 5th - 8th grade student may run for office of
President, Vice- President or Secretary / Treasurer.
II. Section 2. All members of the Student Council shall maintain a
proficient level of academic standing
III. Section 3 All members of the Student Council shall maintain good
academic / behavior status
g. ARTICLE VI – DUTIES. The duties of the Student Council members will
be:
I. To ensure the proper functioning of the Student Council.
II. To discuss matters of the student government.
III. To submit recommendations and proposals to the Superintendent.
h. ARTICLE VII – ELECTIONS. Elections will be held at the beginning of
each school year with votes cast by all 5th through 8th grade students.
453 PILOT PROJECTS OR EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAMS
Pilot studies must have Board approval annually unless they represent only a
minor departure from previously authorized programs. Any programs
requiring additional positions, changes in positions, or the transfer of
authorized funds must have board approval.
454 INDEPENDENT STUDY
Independent study programs of the school shall be allowed pending
agreement of guidelines between student, teacher, Administration and
parent(s). The Administration shall develop guidelines for the implementation
and evaluation of each student independent study programs.
455 HOMEBOUND INSTRUCTION
a. The Board shall provide appropriate instruction for student(s) confined to
home or hospitalized for periods exceeding five (5) consecutive school
days upon the written request of the parent(s) and with the approval of
the family physician.
b. The physician must certify that the student will be unable to attend school
for the length of time specified and that he/she is capable of receiving
home instruction and shall give an estimate of the probable length of
student(s) convalescence. Should student(s) illness exceed the period, a
parent should request that homebound instruction be extended prior to
the end.
c. Homebound instruction, although correlated with what the student is
missing in the classroom, shall be geared to the student’s needs and
capabilities during his/her convalescence. Text books and supporting 
41
materials shall be provided by the school.
456 HOME STUDY
a. Home study will be granted only upon approval of the Administration and
agreed to by the parents. Contracts will be signed by the Superintendent,
parents, teacher and student for the work to be completed.
b. Any student who will be absent in excess of three (3) consecutive school
days requires the parents to provide the Administration with a request for
home study.
c. In case of out-of-state travel, the parents must make such request to the
Administration two (2) weeks in advance to be eligible a student must get
school work prior to the period of absences and return the work
immediately upon arrival back at school after the absence.
d. Any student placed in out of school suspension by the Administration or
School Board will be placed in home study status with Designated Staff
person delivering and picking up classroom work.
e. Students must meet the following requirements: grades in all classes
must be no less than proficient, and students and parents must sign a
contract to ensure completion of the required work. Failure to complete
contracted schoolwork will result in failing grades and may result in
retention.
457 HOME SCHOOLING
American Horse School is a federal Oglala Sioux Tribe grant school and
therefore does not have a home school program. American Horse School
does not provide home school instruction. This is not an educational service
of the Office of Indian Education Programs of the BIE grant schools. If a
parent chooses home school instruction as the educational option for their
student they must contact either Bennett or Oglala Lakota County Public
School districts for assistance. The home school instruction option is part of
the curriculum of the South Dakota Public Education and is monitored by the
county school districts.
458 HEALTHY LIFESTYLE CLASS
a. The family shall be a fundamental element in the healthy lifestyle
education program for the students of American Horse School.
Development of a strong family institution is dependent in large part of the
consequences of sexual maturity, alcohol/drug/tobacco use, and a
healthy lifestyle that is necessary for all American Horse Students. The
family will provide appropriate and timely information regarding sex
education.
b. American Horse School depends on each family to be at the center of a
strong education program in supporting the school’s curriculum, including 
42
the reduction or elimination of addiction/co-addiction behaviors within the
family structure. It is necessary that children are provided with the
appropriate cultural view of abuse of drugs and resultant effects upon the
individual as well as family structure.
459 GUIDANCE PROGRAM
a. Guidance shall include aiding the student in discovering and measuring
their capabilities and interests, in helping students to obtain adequate and
accurate information about specific occupations and careers and in
solving personal and academic problems.
b. Students, parents and teachers are encouraged to avail themselves of
the help provided by guidance personnel. Guidance personnel will use
varied delivery systems consisting of small group sessions, individual
counseling, structured training sessions, and other processes.
c. Assisting students in their problem-solving efforts is every employee’s
responsibility. Everyone should serve as a resource for students and such
matters should be approached with equity and consistency. If employees
feel uncomfortable in dealing with a student’s personal discipline or
attendance difficulty, the student shall be referred to a person who is
willing to assist.
460 TESTING PROGRAM
The objectives of the school’s testing program are to enable the school to do
a more effective job in planning for and educating the children in the school,
to secure objective evaluative criteria which are needed for the school’s use,
and to provide teachers with backup data for grades, reports and counseling.
The testing program includes both informal testing and all commercial
standardized testing that is both summative and formative. Informal testing will
be done by the classroom teachers, reading specialists and reading and math
coaches. Commercial standardized testing shall be coordinated by the test
coordinator in accordance with the guidelines of the assessment procedures.
The state of SD annual assessment on grade level state standards will be
assessed with the SMARTER Balance assessment and will be coordinated
by the SD trained test coordinator in accordance with the state of South
Dakota test guidelines.
The school implements both the informal and standardized student
testing/assessment program throughout each school term. Both informal and
standardized testing data will be analyzed by the administration to determine
the appropriate intervention strategies and curriculum changes required for 
43
students in the core subjects of reading and math. Testing scores of students
on the assessments used for intervention and curriculum strategies will use
the student’s number to maintain confidentially and data gathered will not be
individual scores for student improvement but general data for curriculum and
intervention changes. This testing not only includes academic achievement
testing but self-concept testing, and other assessment processes to enable
the school to more accurately assess the needs and interest of students.
Students are expected to complete all assessments/testing instruments to the
best of their ability. Results of the students’ individual testing and assessment
activities can be reviewed by t h e student and parent through the Test
Coordinator upon request. Group survey results, student portfolios and
informal testing will be reviewed by the AHS staff and school board to make
academic curriculum changes. The AHS Board will approve the release of all
informal testing results that can be used for curriculum changes to any outside
activities to include the BIE Education Line Office, BIE Director of
Accountability and Planning, Oglala Sioux Tribe Education Director and
Committee, South Dakota Educational Activities and other activities that
request testing data for academic analysis.
Parents of students will be notified as to those permanent
assessment/testing results (SMARTER Balance) that will become part of the
individual student’s permanent school records see paragraph 442.
Students not completing required testing will be considered ineligible for
participation in extra- curricular activities until this has been completed.
461 HOLIDAYS
a. Holidays for students are: Martin Luther King Day, President’s Day,
Spring Break, Memorial Day, Crazy Horse Day, Fourth of July, Labor
Day, Native American Day, Veteran’s Day, Thanksgiving Day and the day
after, Christmas Eve Day, Christmas Day, New Year’s Eve Day, New
Year’s Day, Battle of Little Big Horn Day and Wounded Knee
Remembrance Day.
b. Should a holiday fall on a Saturday, students shall have the Friday
immediately before that Saturday off. Should a holiday fall on a Sunday,
students shall have the Monday immediately after that Sunday off.
c. Students shall be granted these holidays and days of legal
discontinuance off as set annually. The School Board will approve any
changes to the holidays.
462 EMERGENCY CLOSING OFSCHOOL
a. The Administration or transportation director may close school for
emergencies, which threaten the life, health or safety of the students and 
44
staff.
b. The Administration shall notify students and parents that they will receive
instructions from radio and television stations as to the operation of the
school during an emergency.
c. The Administration shall contact local radio and television stations to
notify parents and students if school is dismissed prior to the school day
beginning. If the school is dismissed during the school day, the students
will be transported to their home accompanied by employees to make
certain parents are home to provide safety and supervision.
463 COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
a. The Board recognizes its responsibility to provide a safe and healthy
environment for the students.
b. The Superintendent/School Administration shall decide concerning the
exclusion of an infected student from the classroom of school activities.
Before making a determination to exclude a student, the School
Administration shall consult with Indian Health Service or other medical
authorities. In deciding, the following criteria shall be considered:
I. The expected type(s) of interaction with others within the school.
II. The impact that interaction will have on the infected student and
others within the school.
III. The physical condition, behavior, and developmental level of the
infected student.
IV. Indian Health Service guidelines.
V. The recommendations of Indian Health Service medical
authorities.
c. Should an infected student not be permitted to attend school or
participate in school activities, the school shall provide the student with
appropriate home school educational materials until such time as the
student is able to return to school. If the student is permitted to remain in
school, information will be provided to school employees, who maintain
regular contact with the student as to the students physical condition and
other medical factors needed to effectively serve the student’s needs.
d. If the student is excluded from school because of a communicable
disease, the student shall remain home until the attending physician
states that he/she may safely return to school.
e. The following communicable diseases shall be subject to this policy:
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Chicken Pox, Impetigo,
Scabies, Streptococcal Infections, Herpes Simplex, Hepatitis, Measles,
Mumps, Tuberculosis, and any other diagnosed communicable disease
posing a health risk to the school environment.
464 SMOKE FREE ENVIRONMENTS
The American Horse School Board, in order to protect children under the age 
45
of eighteen (18) from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, does
hereby prohibit smoking at any time by anyone in any and all indoor and
outdoor facilities owned, leased or contracted for and utilized by the
school for provision of routine or regular kindergarten, elementary or
library services to children. Refer to “Smoke Free Environment” in
“Personnel – Section 300 of the School Staff Handbook.”
465 DRUG FREE WORKPLACE
It is the policy of the American Horse School Board to provide a drug free
environment. The unlawful selling, distributing, dispensing, possession,
manufacture, and/or use of alcohol or illegal drugs by any person within the
workplace are prohibited. Refer to “Drug Free Workplace” in “Personnel –
Section 300 of the School Staff Handbook.”
46
466 INTERNET ACCEPTABLE USE POLICY AGREEMENT
a. American Horse School encourages workers who have been granted
Internet access to explore the Internet, but if this exploration is for
personal purposes, it must be done on personal, not government time.
Likewise, games, news groups, and other non-business activities must be
performed on personal, not government time. Use of Office of Indian
Education Programs computing resources for these personal purposes is
permissible so long as the incremental cost of the usage is negligible, and
so long as no Office of Indian Education Programs business activity is
preempted by the personal use. Workers must not employ the Internet or
other internal information systems in such a way that the productivity of
other workers is eroded; examples include chain letters and broadcast
charitable solicitations.
b. THE FOLLOWING BEHAVIORS ARE NOT PERMITTED ON THE
SCHOOL NETWORK:
I. Sharing confidential information on students or other employees.
II. Sending or displaying offensive messages or pictures.
III. Accessing email for unacceptable use/accessing chat rooms for
personal use.
IV. Assisting a campaign for election of any person to any office or for
the promotion or opposition to any ballot proposition.
V. Using obscene language.
VI. Harassing, insulting or attacking others.
VII. Engaging in practices that threaten the network (e.g. loading files
that may introduce a virus)
VIII. Violating copyright laws.
IX. Uploading unlicensed software programs.
X. Using others' passwords.
XI. Trespassing in others' folders, documents and files.
XII. Damaging computers, computer systems or computer networks.
XIII. Intentionally wasting limited resources.
XIV. Employing the network for commercial purposes.
XV. Individual users of the network are responsible for their behavior
and communications over the network. It is presumed that users
will comply with school standards and will honor this agreement.
Beyond the clarification of such standards, the school is not
responsible for restricting, monitoring or controlling the
communications of individuals utilizing the network.
XVI. The use of the Internet and electronic mail is a privilege and not a
right and inappropriate use will result in cancellation of these
privileges.
c. MICROCOMPUTER SECURITY POLICY
I. Business Use Only: Office of Indian Education Programs computer
and communication systems must be used only for business
purposes. Incidental personal use is permissible if the use: 
47
• Does not consume more than a trivial amount of resources that
could otherwise be used for business purposes.
• Does not interfere with worker productivity.
• Does not preempt any business activity.
II. Permissible incidental use of a microcomputer would, for example,
involve responding to an electronic mail message about a
luncheon. Separately, examples of personal use include game
playing, writing a resume, and surfing the Internet for
entertainment purposes.
III. Configuration Control:
• Changes to Application Software: American Horse School
through the Office of Indian Education Programs has a
standard list of permissible software packages that users can
run on their microcomputers. Workers must not install other
software packages on microcomputers without obtaining
advance written permission from the School “IT” Team.
Additionally, staff must not permit automatic software
installation routines to be run on School microcomputers unless
these routines have first been approved by the “IT” Team.
Unless separate arrangements are made with the “IT” Team,
upgrades to authorized software will be downloaded to
microcomputers automatically. Auto-discovery license
management software is used to remotely determine which
software packages are resident on worker microcomputer hard
disks. Unapproved software may be removed without advance
notice to the involved worker.
• Changes to Operating System Configurations: On American
Horse School Programs-supplied computer hardware, workers
must not change operating system configurations, upgrade
existing operating systems, or install new operating systems. If
such changes are required, they will be performed by “IT” Team
personnel.
• Changes to Hardware: Computer equipment supplied by
American Horse School Programs must not be altered or added
to in any way (e.g., upgraded processor, expanded memory, or
extra circuit boards) without the prior knowledge of and
authorization from the “IT” Team. Auto-discovery software is
used to determine what equipment is installed in each
microcomputer, so unauthorized hardware reconfigurations are
detected automatically.
IV. Blocking Sites: American Horse School filters routinely prevent
users from connecting with certain non-business web sites.
Workers using American Horse School computers (on or off
campus) who discover they have connected with a web site that
contains sexually explicit, racist, violent, or other potentially
offensive material must immediately disconnect from that site. The 
48
ability to connect with a specific web site does not in itself imply
that users of American Horse School systems are permitted to visit
that site.
V. Virus Program Installed: All microcomputers must continuously run
the current version of virus detection package approved by the BIA
Management Information Systems Division. The current version of
this virus package will be automatically downloaded to each
microcomputer when the machine is connected to American Horse
School’s internal network. Workers must not abort this download
process.
VI. Externally supplied floppy disks, CD-ROMs, and other removable
storage media must not be used unless they have first been
checked for viruses.
VII. Externally supplied computer-readable files (software programs,
databases, word processing documents, spreadsheets, etc.) must
be decompressed prior to being subjected to an approved virus
checking process. If the files have been encrypted, they must be
decrypted before running a virus checking program. Many virus
checking programs cannot detect viruses in compressed or
encrypted files.
VIII. Eradicating Viruses: Because viruses can be complex and
sophisticated, workers must not attempt to eradicate them without
expert assistance. If workers suspect infection by a virus, they
must immediately stop using the involved computer, disconnect
from all networks, and call the “IT” department and wait for
assistance.
IX. Browser User Authentication: Users must not save fixed
passwords in their web browsers or electronic mail clients because
this may allow anybody who has physical access to their
workstations to both access the Internet with their identities, as
well as read and send their electronic mail. Instead, these fixed
passwords must be provided each time that a browser or electronic
mail client is invoked. Similarly, American Horse School computer
users must refuse all offers by software to place a cookie on their
computer so that they can automatically log-in the next time that
they visit a particular Internet site.
X. Computer Password and Access Limitations: American Horse
School Staff do not have the authority to set their own bios
settings...you do not have admin rights to any computer.
Additionally, you do not have administrative rights to the computer
and are limited to privileges based on this fact. Please address
administrative issues, concerns, and needs to the “IT” Department.
d. PHYSICAL SECURITY:
I. Equipment Theft: To prevent theft, all office desktop
microcomputers (with the exception of portables) must be
physically secured inside the classroom or office by locking the 
49
door(s) when you are not present. All microcomputer equipment
must be marked with an identification tag which clearly indicates it
is American Horse School or BIA property. Periodic physical
inventories are used to track the movement of microcomputers and
related computer equipment.
II. Laptop Computer Security: If you have been assigned or issued a
laptop computer (other than for a computer resource center), you
must be very security conscious to prevent loss or theft. Practice
the following measures:
• Do not leave a laptop computer unattended when you leave
your classroom or office. Ensure someone is watching it for you
and if not, lock you classroom or office until you return.
• Similarity, you must either lock your laptop in your classroom
closet or office closet in the evening or take the system home
with you if you have a computer pass allowing you to take it
home.
• Do not ever leave your laptop in your car overnight; secure it in
your home.
• Keep the laptop in its protective case when not in use.
• Portable computers must always be secured with locking
cables, placed in locking cabinets, or secured via other locking
systems when in the office but not in use.
• If you do not have a proper method to secure your laptop, you
must make the American Horse School “IT” Department aware
of this situation.
III. Custodians for Equipment: The primary user of a microcomputer
(or classroom teacher) is considered a custodian for the
equipment. If the equipment has been damaged, lost, stolen,
borrowed, or is otherwise unavailable for normal business
activities, a custodian must promptly inform the “IT” Team
immediately. With the exception of portable machines,
microcomputer equipment must not be moved or relocated without
the knowledge and approval of the “IT” Team.
IV. Use of Personal Equipment: Workers must not bring their own
computers, computer peripherals, or computer software into
American Horse School facilities without prior written authorization
from the “IT” Team. Likewise, workers must not use their own
microcomputers for production of American Horse School business
unless these systems have been previously evaluated and
approved by the “IT” Team.
V. Property Pass: Microcomputers, portable computers, typewriters,
and related information systems equipment must not leave
American Horse School offices and/or classrooms unless
accompanied by a Property Pass or Hand Receipt signed by the
“IT” Team or designated property manager.
VI. Locking Sensitive Information: When not being used by authorized 
50
workers, or when not clearly visible in an area where authorized
persons are working, all hardcopy sensitive information must be
locked in file cabinets, desks, safes, or other furniture. Likewise,
when not being used, or when not in a clearly visible and attended
area, all computer storage media (floppy disks, tapes, CD-ROMs,
etc.) containing sensitive information must be locked in similar
enclosures.
e. BIE has provided for blanket CIPA protection on the BIE network (ENAN
2). ENAN 2 is a wide area network that connects Bureau Funded Schools
to each other and the Internet. The Internet connections reside at three
Hub locations: Albuquerque, New Mexico, Phoenix, Arizona, and Sioux
Falls, South Dakota. At each of these hubs, the BIA has installed CIPA
Compliant content filters. These filters protect the users of the network
from inappropriate content. Each school connected to the ENAN 2 is
protected by a general filter as well as individual filters applied according
to their local standards (based on the age and other factors of the
students.) The filtering system is operated, managed, and monitored by
the network operations center located in Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Records from the system can be obtained from the service center. This
system provides for blanket CIPA requirements coverage for all Schools
using the BIE network.
f. American Horse School User Agreement
g. As a user of the American Horse School computer network and their
Technology property, I hereby agree to comply with the above stated
rules and honor all laws and restrictions.
________________________________
_________________________________
Employee, Parent, or Student Signature Date 
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467 SCHOOL TECHNOLOGY RULES
American Horse School connects to the Internet through the Bureau of Indian
Education Domain Network known as the Educational Native American Network
(ENAN). ENAN provides standards-based connectivity, security, content delivery,
web services, distance learning, GPS school-bus tracking, wireless communication,
email access, and education application access. ENAN uses a BIA installed CIPA
(Child Internet Protection Act) compliant content filter which protects the users and
devices of the network from inappropriate content in accordance with CIPA
guidelines.
As a result of being on the BIE domain, each user in American Horse School is able
to have a standard username and password that grants you access to any
computer within the school connected to that domain. This access grants you a
separate profile on that computer unavailable to anyone else.
Staff at American Horse School are expected to follow some general rules when
using or supervising activities involving computers or technology equipment.
1. Security
• All staff using a computer must complete an annual Security Awareness
review and test through the Department of Interior. This is commonly
known as Federal Information System Security Awareness + Privacy and
Records Management Training (FISSA+). Brett (Stoney) is the POC for
this activity. For the 2016-2017 school year, this must be completed by
August 30, 2016.
• Usernames and passwords will not be shared. If a teacher has a
Paraprofessional or Aid, that person must have their own uniquely
assigned Username and Password. (No Exceptions).
• All staff assigned or using a computer must have a username and
password of their own (Obtain from the Technology Coordinator).
• All students will use the same username and password in every computer
lab.
• Computers and technology equipment will not be removed from school
grounds unless you are on official business.
• Computers will not be moved from their assigned location without consent
from administration and knowledge of the technology coordinator.
• Staff will store their individual work files on jump drives.
• Staff use of personal technology in the school is not authorized. All
computers (except Chromebooks) will be assigned to the BIE Domain
which provides Anti-Virus and Malware protection.
2. Use of Equipment and Computer Labs
• Report all technology issues to either Shilo or Stoney immediately and
they will be handled as soon as possible.
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• Cell phones are not authorized within the school except by authorized
administrative personnel.
• WIFI access will not be granted for cell phones, nor are cell phones to be
used for Internet activities.
• Student use of cell phones, iPads, iPods, and other devices are never
authorized. They will only use laptops and Chromebooks provided
through the school.
• Chromebooks are assigned through Google Education Administration –
all students must have unique usernames and passwords to use
Chromebooks. Teachers using Chromebooks are responsible for
coordination for student access to these devices through the Technology
Coordinator.
• Teachers will conduct after use inspections of laptops and Chromebooks
after each class use. All damage or troubleshooting needs will be
recorded and reported to the Technology Coordinator as soon as
possible.
• All computer labs are monitored by an assigned staff member. This staff
member is your first point of contact for all needs within the lab. That
person will work with the Technology Coordinator to address all needs.
• Teachers must maintain a seating chart for student use of the computer
labs. If a student use a different seat, make a note of this.
• Computer labs will only be used when supervised by the teacher and
authorized staff. Active monitoring is necessary to prevent damage to
equipment (students must be prevented from removing or damaging
equipment such as keypad keys, cables or damaging lab tables).
• Do not clean computer screens with any cleaning solvents other than
authorized screen wipes.
• Staff is responsible for maintaining a clean working environment and
keeping their technology equipment dusted and clean.
• Computer labs will be free of clutter.
• Students will not consume food, candy, gum and drinks in the computer
labs or near any technology.
• Streaming radio is not authorized.
• You Tube and other educational videos may be used as long as they are
incorporated into the lesson plan.
• Internet activities are to be limited to those that support the educational
goals and mission of the school.
3. Website and Social Media, and Email
• Staff must either have a BIE Email account (coordinate through Stoney)
or a personal email that they use for school correspondence.
• American Horse School has a website located at
www.americanhorseschool.org.
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• Staff can access the NASIS portal from the school website.
• Teachers are asked to provide input to the website the first and third
Wednesday of each month. This should be minimal in nature – a picture
with a short narrative. Items can be submitted to
brett.stoneberger@bie.edu. New teachers are encouraged to submit a
short bio to enhance the location of their actual webpage within the
school website.
• Student names will not be posted on websites or social media.
• Social media, instant messaging, peer-to-peer, file sharing, and chat sites
are not authorized for use from the school network.
• American Horse School does not have an official Social Media presence,
nor do we accept responsibility for any entity or person that claims one.
Name: _______________________________________
Signature: ____________________________________
Date: ________________________________________
54
468 ASBESTOS NOTIFICATION TO PARENTS, STUDENTS, AND
EMPLOYEES AHS
(RequiredbytheAsbestos-ContainingMaterialsinSchoolsRule,§§763.84(c)and
763.93(g) (4)). Asbestos is a naturally occurring fibrous mineral which, until about
1980, was commonly used in building construction. Asbestos will not burn, is an
excellent insulator, has great tensile strength, is resistant to chemicals, is a
nonconductor of electricity, and absorbs sound. Examples of asbestos-containing
building material(ACBM) are vinyl floor tile, sprayed-on acoustical ceiling material,
pipe and boiler insulation, and roofing felt. As ACBM deteriorates over time, or is
disturbed by maintenance, renovation, or demolition activities, it may become
friable, i.e., it is capable of being reduced to powder by hand pressure. When
ACBM becomes friable, asbestos fibers are released into the air. Inhalation of
these airborne, microscopic asbestos fibers has been proven to cause such fatal
diseases as lung cancer, mesothelioma (cancer of the lining of the lung or
abdominal cavity), and asbestosis (scarring of lung tissues). Uncontrolled
asbestos contamination in buildings has been, and remains, a significant
environmental and public health issue. In 1986, Congress enacted the Asbestos
Hazard Emergency Response Act (AHERA) to require public and private,
secondary and elementary schools to identify ACBM in their school buildings and
take appropriate actions to control the release of asbestos fibers. In 1987, the US
Environmental Protection Agency finalized a regulatory program which enforces
the AHERA mandate. These regulations are incorporated within the AsbestosContaining MaterialsinSchoolsRule(40C.F.R.Part763,SubpartE).
IncompliancewiththeAsbestos-ContainingMaterialsinSchoolsRule,the
_AmericanHorseSchoolSchool/School District had its school building(s)
inspected by an asbestos inspector, accredited by the State of _SO. DAK. .
During that inspection, areas of suspect ACBM were identified. The type,
condition, and location of this ACBM was noted. Samples were taken of some
or all of the suspect ACBM. Laboratory analysis of these samples confirmed
the presence or absence of ACBM. Suspect ACBM not sampled and analyzed
were assumed to contain asbestos. Confirmed and/or assumed ACBM
currently remain in certain locations in our school building(s) (list types and
locationsofACBM).
Upon confirmation of the presence of ACBM, an Asbestos Management Plan
was developed for each of the school buildings in the School/School District by
an asbestos management planner, accredited by the State of SO.DAK.
.TheAsbestosManagementPlan(s)includeadescriptionofthemeasurescurrently
beingtakentoensurethat theACBMremaininginourschoolbuilding(s)ismaintainedina
conditionthatwillnotposeathreattothehealthof our students and employees. These
Plan(s) describe past response actions taken to abate ACBM, as well as
response actions planned for the future, including (See Asbestos Management
Plan(s)). The Asbestos Management Plan(s) provide information on the periodic
monitoring of the condition of ACBM remaining in our school building(s) through
triennial re-Inspections, conducted by accredited asbestos inspectors, and
through semiannual surveillance, conducted by trainedschool maintenance staff.
55
A copy/copies of the Asbestos Management Plan(s) is/are available for your
review in the School/School District administrative office during regular office
hours. _8:00- 4:00pm_ is the designated Asbestos Program Coordinator for the
School/School District. Please direct all inquiries regarding the Asbestos
Management Plan(s) to him/her at telephone 605 -455-1209.
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469 FERPA NOTICE
THIS NOTICE IS ALSO GIVEN OUT WITH ENROLLMENT PACKETS AS
PART OF STUDENTS ENROLLMENT
FERPA gives parents (as well as students in postsecondary schools) the right to
review and confirm the accuracy of education records. This and other United States
"privacy" laws ensure that information about citizens collected by schools and
government agencies can be released only for specific and legally defined purposes.
Since enacting FERPA in 1974, Congress has strengthened privacy safeguards of
education records through this law, refining and clarifying family rights and agency
responsibilities to protect those rights.
FERPA's legal statute citation can be found in the U.S. Code (20 USC 1232g),
which incorporates all amendments to FERPPA. FERPA regulations are found in
the Federal Register (34 CFR Part 99). FERPA's 1994 amendments are found in
Public Law (P.L.) 103-382.
FERPA Protects Privacy FERPA applies to public schools and state or local
education agencies that receive Federal education funds, and it protects both paper
and computerized records. In addition to the Federal laws that restrict disclosure of
information from student records, most states also have privacy protection laws that
reinforce FERPA. State laws can supplement FERPA, but compliance with FERPA is
necessary if schools are to continue to be eligible to receive Federal education funds.
FERPA requires schools and local education agencies to annually notify parents of
their rights under FERPA. The notice must effectively inform parents with disabilities
or who have a primary home language other than English. The annual notice
pertaining to FERPA rights must explain that parents may inspect and review records
and, if they believe the records to be inaccurate, they may seek to amend them.
Parents also have the right to consent to disclosures of personally identifiable
information in the record, except under authorized circumstances.
FERPA gives both parents, custodial and noncustodial, equal access to student
information unless the school has evidence of a court order or state law revoking
these rights. When students reach the age of 18, or when they become students at
postsecondary education institutions, they become "eligible students' and rights under
FERPA transfer to them. However, parents retain access to student records of
children who are their dependents for tax purposes.
FERPA Defines an Education Record
Education records include a range of information about a student that is maintained in
schools in any recorded way, such as handwriting, print, computer media, video or
audio tape, film, microfilm, and microfiche. Examples are:
57
• Date and place of birth, parent(s) and/or guardian addresses, and where
parents can be contacted in emergencies;
• Grades, test scores, courses taken, academic specializations and activities,
and official letters regarding a student's status in school;
• Special education records;
• Disciplinary records;
• Medical and health records that the school creates or collects and maintains;
• Documentation of attendance, schools attended, courses taken, awards
conferred, and degrees earned;
• Personal information such as student's identification code, social security
number, picture, or other information that would make it easy to identify or
locate a student.
• Personal notes made by teachers and other school officials that are not
shared with others are not considered education records.
• Additionally, law enforcement records created and maintained by a school or
district's law enforcement unit are not education records.
Part of the education record, known as directory information, includes personal
information about a student that can be made public according to a school system’s
student records policy. Directory information may include a student's name,
address, and telephone number, and other information typically found in school
yearbooks or athletic programs. Other examples are names and pictures of
participants in various extracurricular activities or recipients of awards, pictures of
students, and height and weight of athletes.
Each year schools must give parents public notice of the types of information
designated as directory information. By a specified time after parents are notified of
their review rights, parents may ask to remove all or part of the information on their
child that they do not wish to be available to the public without their consent.
FERPA Guarantees Parent Review and Appeal
If, upon review, parents find an education record is inaccurate or misleading, they
may request changes or corrections, and schools and education agencies must
respond promptly to these requests. Requests should be made in writing, according
to an agency's annual notice of procedures for exercising rights to amend records.
Within a reasonable time period, the school or agency must decide if the request to
change a record is consistent with its own assessment of the accuracy of the record.
If a parent's request is denied, he or she must be offered the opportunity for a
hearing. If the disagreement with the record continues after the hearing, the parent
may insert an explanation of the objection in the record.
FERPA's provisions do not apply to grades and educational decisions about
children that school personnel make.
While parents have a right to review records, schools are not required by Federal 
58
law to provide copies of information, unless providing copies would be the only way
of giving parents access. Schools may charge a reasonable fee for obtaining
records, and they may not destroy records if a request for access is pending.
FERPA Restricts Disclosure of Student Records
Local education agencies and schools may release information from students'
education records with the prior written consent of parents, under limited conditions
specified by law, or as stated in local agencies' student records policies. The same
rules restricting disclosures apply to records maintained by third parties acting on
behalf of schools, such as state and local education agencies, intermediate
administrative units, researchers, psychologists, or medical practitioners who work
for or are under contract to schools.
If an education agency or school district has a policy of disclosing records, it must
specify the criteria for determining school officials within an agency, including
teachers, who have a legitimate educational interest. Generally, school officials
have legitimate educational interest if they need to review an education record to
fulfill their professional responsibilities.
Teachers and school officials who work with the students and schools to which
students apply for entrance may also have access to education records without prior
consent of the parent. In addition, information from students' records may be
released to state and local education officials to conduct audits or to review records
in compliance with Federal laws. Schools may also disclose information from
education records without the consent of parents in response to subpoenas or court
orders. A school official must make a reasonable effort to notify the parent before
complying with the subpoena unless the subpoena is issued to enforce a law and
specifies not to notify the parent. In emergencies, school officials can provide
information from education records to protect the health or safety of the student or
others.
There are cases when schools or school systems decide it is in the public interests
to participate in policy evaluations or research studies. If student records are to be
released for these purposes, the school or school system must obtain prior consent
of the parent. Signed and dated written consent must:
• Specify the records that will be released;
• State the reason for releasing the records;
• Identify the groups or individuals who will receive the records.
• In general, information about each request for records access and each
disclosure of information from an education record must be maintained as part
of the record until the school or agency destroys the education record.
• Outside parties receiving records must receive a written explanation of the
restrictions on the re-release of information.
Additional FERPA Provisions
59
In 1994, the Improving America's School Act amended several components of
FERPA, tightening privacy assurances for students and families. The amendments
apply to the following key areas:
Parents have the right to review the education records of their children maintained by
the state education agencies.
Any third party that inappropriately re-releases personally identifiable information from
an education record cannot have access to education records for five years;
Information about disciplinary actions taken against students may be shared, without
prior consent of the parent, with officials in other education institutions;
Schools may release records in compliance with certain law enforcement judicial
orders and subpoenas without notifying parents.
School districts, state education agencies, and the u.S. Department of Education all
offer assistance about FERPA Before contacting Federal officials, however, you can
often get a direct and immediate response from your local or state education officials.
The Family Policy Compliance Office can be reached at the following address;
U.S. Department of Education 600 Independent Avenue, SW Washington, DC
20202-4605 (202) 260-3887
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Revise student Name: Week of: Parent/Caregivers this homework page will be
sent home every day to let you if your student is missing any work from classes.
Please make sure that you sign the paper at the bottom to let me know that you
have seen the list. ThankYou
AR
Reading
Math
Grammar
Writing
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TEACHER OR SCHOOL OFFICIAL SIGNATURE and DATE
Note: Once form is completed and signed by all
individuals involved, please submit to the front office to
be put in the students file for reference.
PARENT \ LEGAL GUARDIAN
SIGNATURE